Definition of Typology

The definition of typology from pages 405-406 of Richard Davidson’s important study Typology in Scripture:

Typology as a hermeneutical endeavor on the part of the biblical writers may be viewed as the study of certain OT salvation-historical realities (persons, events, or institutions) which God has specifically designed to correspond to, and be prospective/predictive prefigurations of, their ineluctable (devoir-etre) and absolutely escalated eschatological fulfillment aspects (Christological/ecclesiological/ apocalyptic) in NT salvation history.

It cannot be said that this definition is very memorable; when properly understood after reading the whole book, it is very helpful.

Here’s my summa of the summa: Typology in scripture is the study of historical prefigurations and their subsequent fulfillments.

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